Art of Living Found. v. Doe
November 5, 2010
United States District Court for the Northern District of California
The Northern District of California recently held that its involvement was not so “entangled” with the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment that it should be precluded from evaluating a plaintiff’s trade secrets claim.
The Art of Living Foundation brought an action for copyright infringement and misappropriation of trade secrets under the California UTSA against former members of its movement who turned to blogs to voice their criticism under the monikers “Skywalker” and “Klim.” The organization provides courses on “healthy living” topics such as yoga and controlled breathing that are embodied in manuals and teaching notes. As part of their criticism, the bloggers posted some of these teaching notes and other materials on their blogs and/or linked to other sites that hosted them.
Defendants asserted that the court should be barred from assessing the plaintiff’s trade secrets claim due to excessive entanglement with the Free Exercise Clause. Specifically, as the plaintiffs had argued that they had added novel elements to traditional Hindu concepts, the defendants claimed that this necessarily involved an adjudication of what is traditionally religious or not and therefore would ensnare the court in impermissible evaluation of religious doctrine. The court rejected this, noting that even though the nature of the work is religious, it could still evaluate the trade secrets claim as it would any other: by comparing the allegedly novel portions to what is generally known to the public and then assessing the value of nondisclosure of those elements.
After a lengthy discussion that concluded that the training materials might be eligible for trade secret status, the court dismissed the motion to strike as to Skywalker, as he had personally posted some of the materials on his blog, constituting enough evidence of potential misappropriation for the case to move forward. However, the motion to strike was granted as to Klim because there was no evidence that he posted any materials to his blog.
Art of Living Foundation